The use of tools is unique to humans. In fact, anthropologists believe that using tools is one of the characteristics that separates us from the rest of the animal kingdom.
It is common to use different power tools throughout the manufacturing industry. These tools can help staff perform tasks that are difficult or impossible to complete. However, tools can be harmful and can cause accidents such as electric shocks, falling, cuts, and burns. Workers can use these tools to use, care, maintain, and organize well-organized work areas to avoid these accidents. Pay special attention to the safety of manual and power tools that are necessary to reduce or eliminate these hazards.
Targeting general industry, shipyards, shipyards, shipping terminals, bulk transportation, and the construction industry are involved in specific occupational safety and health management standards that involve hand and power tool hazards. General Industrial Standard 1910 Subpart P "Handheld Portable Power Tools and Other Handheld Devices" manages manufactured products in the precast concrete industry.
Basic safety rules
According to OSHA regulations, following five basic safety rules can prevent all hazards involved in the use of tools.
Keep all tools in good condition, with proper storage and regular maintenance.
Use the right tools to do this job.
Check each tool for damage before use.
Follow the manufacturer's instructions.
Provide and use appropriate protective equipment.
Employees and employers have the responsibility to work together to establish a safe working procedure. In the event of a dangerous situation, report it to the appropriate person immediately. Employees using tools must also provide the necessary personal protective equipment to protect them from hazards such as falling, splashing, frayed and splattered objects, and harmful dust, fumes, vapors, or gases.
Classification of power tools
Power tools are classified by their power source. Categories include:
Portable grinding wheel
Employees must be trained in the use of all power tools and should be aware of the associated potential hazards and the required safety precautions.
Employees using power tools must understand several dangers, including electric burns and electric shocks. To protect the user, the power tool must have a three-wire cable with a ground wire that can be plugged into a grounded socket, double insulated, or powered by a low-voltage isolation transformer.
Tools with power cords must also constantly check for cuts or insulation damage.
When using power tools, make sure they are:
Run within design limits.
Store in a dry place when not in use.
Ground properly and use with ground fault circuit breakers.
Do not use in wet or damp places unless approved.
Use the wire in a way that it does not trip.
For well-lit work areas.
Use with gloves and suitable shoes.
Pneumatic tools are driven by compressed air and include drills, hammers, sanders and chippers. The use of pneumatic tools presents several dangers, including the risk of being struck by attachments or fasteners. Eye protection is required. Head and face protection is recommended. You must also set up screens to protect nearby staff from flying materials. Noise is another hazard, but it can be reduced through hearing protection.
Fuel power tools
Fuel-powered tools usually use gasoline. The most serious hazards of using a fuel-powered tool come from fuel vapors, which may burn or explode, and also release hazardous exhaust fumes. Workers must handle carefully, transport and store gas or fuel and can only use it in approved flammable liquid containers. When using fuel tools in enclosed areas, effective ventilation and/or suitable respirator must be used to avoid breathing carbon monoxide. Fire extinguishers must also be in the area.
Hydraulic power tools
Liquids used in hydraulic power tools must be fire-resistant and must maintain their operating characteristics at the most extreme temperatures. Employees must not exceed the manufacturer's recommended operating pressure for hoses, valves, pipes, filters, and other accessories. All jacks must have a stop indicator and must not exceed the stop limit. The manufacturer's load limit must be permanently marked on the jack in a prominent position and must not be exceeded.