The invention relates to a building made up of prefabricated components, in particular wall panels and roof panels, which are produced by means of a non-recycling mould, which is made of semi-finished moulds. to make.
In the prior art, a building made up of prefabricated parts is well known. This type of building is fast, but most of it is expensive, and the cost includes high wage costs, pre-installation of molds, lifting equipment, transportation costs, and other ancillary expenses.
In contrast, the task of the present invention is to construct a building mentioned at the beginning of this article quickly and economically from an economic point of view, and the building has a long life.
According to the invention, the above-mentioned task is solved in that the semi-finished products constitute only the end faces or narrow faces of the preformed members. Thus, the advantage is that constructing the building from prefabricated components is both fast and economical, and can significantly reduce the costs mentioned above. The less mold you need, the lower the cost of purchasing the mold you need in the early stages. Compared with the prior art, the surface of the mold and the mold is less (Ein-und Ausschlungsflash), which reduces the construction cost.
Semi-finished products are hand-made in various sizes as much as possible on the construction site. These semi-finished products can be made in a variety of sizes and are suitable for handling by hand. Finally, when the mortar or shotcrete is solidified, the semi-finished product is integrated with a non-recycled mold.
In order to make the semi-finished product have sufficient bending rigidity, it is preferable to add the steel of the structural steel. Semi-finished products are preferably provided with alignment members such as sleeves and pins, grooves and boring heads for easy and accurate individual alignment, in order to retain the required openings for doors, windows and blanks. Place the semi-finished product that fits it into a non-recycled mold. Use wire or connecting bars to join the aligned semi-finished product and spray the concrete to the joint or fix it with mortar. If the torkret-Material or mortar solidifies and hardens, the non-recycled mold is filled with building materials such as concrete, lightweight concrete or others. Non-recycled moulds can also be used as mouldings for ziegelmontage-Bausteine or for special building blocks or various types of packing. The components thus produced are prefabricated components, especially for all forms of building. Wall panels, roof panels or roof panels.
Semi-finished products used in the manufacture of non-recycled moulds shall have moulding surfaces, preferably with tapered grooves (kon-ishe Einbuchtung), which provide structural reinforcement and packing or moving attachments (Ver- Setzhilfsvorrichtung) location. The moving attachment may be a horizontally penetrated metal profile with a height-adjusting element such as a bolt, a steel bar or a vertical movement adjustment prefabricated member, and an integrated movement to prevent the object from being moved to a predetermined position, such as a tilted position. Used steel (Profilstahl).
The narrowing of the steel strip along the outer circumference of the entire mold accelerates the work process, and the narrow steel strip is preferably placed in the tapered recess of the semi-finished product. When the size of the narrow steel strip is sufficient, the filling of the mold can be started immediately, thus saving the time required to solidify and harden after waiting for the joint to grout.
In addition, semi-finished products can be assembled by using square or steel beams instead of narrow steel strips, or other parts can be infused on the same day or after assembly. Another feature is that the semi-finished or non-recycled molds are heavier than the components that are familiar to date, which means that when filling non-recycled molds, it is less likely to occur when pouring concrete or vibrating (mold). Ausschwimmen, because the additional weight of steel beams or wooden beams increases their own weight.
When the non-recycled mold is long, a tie rod can be added at a distance from the present invention to avoid bending of the side wall. In the case of other arrangements according to the invention, the semi-finished product can be connected to the bevel at the corners, in the case of other arrangements according to the invention, in the case of other arrangements according to the invention. The seams are combined with the beveled seams. Thus, each of the other components is preferably made without a corner (elbow) member. The advantage of this approach is that it facilitates the user to easily connect the various components together.
According to a further embodiment of the invention, the semi-finished product can be produced in advance by pouring mortar with light cement or cement, which has the advantage that the outer wall has no cold bridge, that is to say that each further component has an insulating effect.
In order to connect the semi-finished products or to accurately align them, according to other arrangements of the invention, grooves or hollows are left at the ends, and the flat steel or round steel is accurately matched (paβgenau) when assembling the other components. Place it in these grooves or cutouts.
It is also possible to open a hole in the end of the semi-finished product which extends through the entire wall, preferably in the region of the tapered recess. When assembling the semi-finished product, a steel handle made of round steel (U-shaped) is bent according to the hole position. After the steel handle passes through the hole, the ends of the handle are bent together at the inside of the mold, and the parts are bent together. Just joined together.
Double rows of holes may be used, preferably at the tapered grooves, which are more advantageous for alignment and fixing.