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The History Of Prefabricated Concrete Buildings

- Nov 01, 2018 -

In 1824, the British Joseph Aspartin invented cement. 43 years later, in 1867, French gardener Joseph Monier was inspired by pots to invent reinforced concrete and applied for reinforced concrete patents. That is to say, the invention of reinforced concrete began with prefabricated flower pots. After another 23 years, in 1890, reinforced concrete buildings began to appear in France.

The application of precast concrete members in construction began in 1891. That year, a Parisian company used precast concrete beams for the first time in the building.

In 1896, the French built the first assembled concrete building - a small guard house.

In the 20th century, some modernist architects realized that industrialization of buildings is an effective way to solve urban housing problems on a large scale, proposing and advocating fabricated concrete buildings. In 1910, the leader of modern architecture, Gropius (the founder of Bauhaus), one of the world's four major architects of the 20th century, proposed that reinforced concrete buildings should be prefabricated and factoryized.

Due to the influence of the two world wars, the prefabricated concrete buildings only stayed at the conceptual stage before the 1950s. After the end of World War II, prefabricated concrete buildings strode onto the architectural stage and gradually became an important player.

In the 1950s, Le Corbusier, one of the world's four most famous architects, designed the Marseille apartment, using a large number of prefabricated concrete structures. Le Corbusier also designed the city of Chandigarh for India, and also used a large number of prefabricated components.