There are a number of reasons for the success of modular housing in developed countries, the first of which is the demand. Other factors are the benefits that come with factory manufacturing such as energy efficiency, speed of erection, and low cost. This is why many customers choose industrialized housing over conventional construction. This research aims to study and evaluate the prefabricated housing components in terms of efficiency, effectiveness and the time to spend during construction. It also attempts to search for the development and production of low cost housing, the end-users feedback and other institutions that used these materials and its impact in the market.
During the World War 1 in Europe, there is an increase in the industrialization ofbuildings. Because of the destruction of many buildings, roads and other structures, andlack of new construction during the intra-war years, there was a demand for economical and simple buildings. Housing saw the greatest progress in prefabrication as architects began to more widely accept the use of standard parts, steel, and glass. One issue with many of the building systems developed during this time was that flexibility was not part
of the overall design. These systems did not provide room for a creative response to an architectural problem.
At this point in history, prefabrication found a niche in a world that needed to deal with an increasing number of new technologies. For example, the Orly Airship Hangars outside of Paris were made of prefabricated concrete arches whose repetitive use and high volume of enclosure allowed for the storage of such massive units as blimps . This period also saw the founding of the Bauhaus, a haven for the international style. This school was founded by Walter Gropius in 1919 and became a place where he spread and taught his beliefs concerning the need for new design to be based on mass production.
Stark white walls, industrialized parts, and machined details became the hallmark of this style. World War II was concluded with another housing crisis both in the United States and Europe. Though United States territories had not seen any action, there was a need for housing due to the number of returning soldiers who quickly started families . A population explosion accompanied the end of the war. Once again, prefabrication was used to meet the demand for housing. Entire communities, such as the one in Levittown, New York shown in Figure 1 appeared with row after row of prefabricated, largely identical houses. Thus, the “mushroom farms” were born. Modular house is the culmination of one of the type of building system. The building process starts with efficient modern factory assembly line techniques. The prefabricated components are brought to the site and erected using building block construction.
International Journal of Smart Home.
Work is never delayed by pouring time or missing materials and can be completed 30 to 45 working days. Further study shows that it can also lower the total cost of the project by 12% as compare to the traditionally build house using traditional methods. Now the technology is very popular now days, this is the right time for us to use new concepts and idea where the end-users will benefit, it’s up to owners how they developed, improved and used it.The study aims to introduce and to provide more knowledge about prefabricated housing components, to educate the market and to address the concerns of every sector of the society for a beautiful, stable but affordable shelter.