Concrete Construction Safety: Actions to Identify and Control Workplace Hazards
1. Collect existing information about workplace hazards
You can find information about workplace hazards from internal and external sources. After collecting this information, you must review it with your staff to determine what types of hazards may exist.
Where to collect internal hazard information:
Equipment and Machinery Operation Manual
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) from chemical manufacturers
Self-inspection reports and inspection reports of insurance companies, government agencies and consultants
Previous records of injuries and illnesses, such as OSHA 300 and 301 logs and accident investigation reports
Worker compensation record and report
Frequent patterns of injuries and illnesses
Exposure monitoring results, industrial hygiene assessments and medical records (appropriate modifications to ensure patient/worker privacy)
Existing safety and health plans (lock/tag, confined space, process safety management, personal protective equipment, etc.)
Worker's opinion, including survey or meeting minutes of the Safety and Health Committee meeting
Work safety analysis
Where to collect external hazard information:
2. Check the workplace for potential safety hazards
Regular inspections are very important because the workplace changes over time, creating opportunities for danger.
Process changes, equipment wear, maintenance is ignored - this is the essence of work! You can find defects by regular inspections and hope to resolve them before the accident.
Regularly check all operations, equipment, work areas and facilities. Have workers participate in the inspection team and discuss the dangers they see or report with them.
Be sure to record the check to verify if the dangerous situation has been corrected in the future. Take photos or videos of the problem area for later discussion and brainstorming, how to control them, and as a learning aid.
Includes all areas and activities in these inspections, such as storage and warehousing, facility and equipment maintenance, procurement and office functions, as well as on-site contractors, subcontractors and temporary staff activities.
Regularly inspect two types of factory vehicles (such as forklifts, power industrial trucks) and transportation vehicles (such as cars, trucks).
Use a list that highlights what you're looking for. Typical hazards fall into several broad categories, such as those listed below; each workplace has its own list:
Slip, trip and fall danger
Work organization and processes (including staffing and scheduling)
Lack of emergency procedures
Make major organizational changes before changing operations, workstations or workflows; or introduce new equipment, materials or processes, seek input from workers, and assess planned changes in potential hazards and associated risks.
3. Identify health hazards
Health hazards include chemical, physical, biological and ergonomic hazards. Some of these hazards may be more difficult to determine, such as the inability to see odorless gases and vapors.
Steps to identify health hazards:
Identify chemical hazards - View SDS and product labels to identify chemicals in the workplace that have low exposure limits, high volatility, or large or no ventilation. Identify activities that may cause skin to come into contact with chemicals.
Identify physical hazards - Identify any exposure to excessive noise (areas where sound must be raised for others to use), high temperatures (indoor and outdoor) or sources of radiation (radioactive, X-ray or radio frequency).
Identify biohazard - Determine if workers are exposed to infectious diseases, mold, toxic or toxic plants or animal materials (fur or feces) that can cause allergic reactions or occupational asthma.
Identify ergonomic risk factors - Check for work activities that require heavy work, work above shoulder height, repetitive motion or tasks with significant vibration.
Whenever possible, use an air sampling or direct reading instrument for quantitative exposure assessment.
Review medical records - Identify cases of musculoskeletal injuries, skin irritation or dermatitis, hearing loss or lung disease that may be associated with workplace exposure.